News UpdatesGranting Injunction For Interference With Contractual Relations of Two Parties In Absence of Law Would Violate Art 19(5) of Constitution: Delhi HC [Read Order] Karan Tripathi18 May 2020 5:46 AMShare This – xDelhi High Court has held that providing injunction for alleged interference with contractual relations of two parties, in absence of any law, would violate the fundamental right of carrying out trade under Article 19(5) of the Constitution. The order has been passed by the Single Bench of Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw in a case where INOX Ltd had asked the court to injunct PVR…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginDelhi High Court has held that providing injunction for alleged interference with contractual relations of two parties, in absence of any law, would violate the fundamental right of carrying out trade under Article 19(5) of the Constitution. The order has been passed by the Single Bench of Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw in a case where INOX Ltd had asked the court to injunct PVR Cinemas from dealing with third parties with whom INOX was in a process of developing contractual relations. The Plaintiff had submitted that it had binding contracts with the developer/owner of the properties at Amritsar and Juhu, Mumbai and which contracts were breached/broken or are threatened to breached/broken, by the developer/owner of the said properties, at the instance of the defendant. Therefore, the Plaintiff had sought court’s directions for restraining the Defendant from doing so and also from doing so with respect to other properties with respect whereto the plaintiff has existing contracts or may have contracts in future. The Defendant, on the other hand, argued that the plaintiff and the defendant are perhaps the only two major players in the country with respect to the business of multiplexes. Therefore, the Defendant argued, the relief as claimed is designed to not only drive the Defendant out of competition but also to the prejudice of owners of certain kinds of properties of which the Plaintiff and the Defendant are the only dominant consumers in the country and who on grant of injunction as sought by the Plaintiff would be left with no option but to deal with their respective properties with the plaintiff only, enabling the Plaintiff to beat down the prices. Observations of the Court The court noted that the grant of injunction claimed by the Plaintiff on the premise of the actions of the Defendant comprising a tortious act of interference with contractual relations of the Plaintiff, would be in violation of the fundamental right of the Defendant, its promoters and directors to carry on trade and business, without any law having been enacted by the State in this respect in the interest of general public, within the meaning of Article 19 (5) of the Constitution of India. Therefore, the court held that averments contained in the plaint, had no cause of action for the relief claimed against the defendant and the relief claimed by the plaintiff against the defendant is barred by law. In addition to this, the court also imposed costs of ₹5,00,000 which has to be paid to the Defendant within 90 days.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order] Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Now the stars swap the Etihad Stadium and Anfield grounds of their clubs for the 30 June Stadium in Cairo, and a Group C showdown likely to decide who tops the final standings.While both countries seem sure to qualify for the round of 16, topping the table would theoretically offer less formidable opponents in the first knockout stage.Here, AFP Sport previews a Group C double-header that includes an east African duel between Kenya and Tanzania, plus a Group B meeting of newcomers Burundi and Madagascar.Algeria v SenegalSenegal’s forward Keita Balde (C) celebrates his goal during the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (CAN) football match between Senegal and Tanzania at the 30 June Stadium in Cairo on June 23, 2019.While supporters, the media and publicists focus on Mahrez and Mane, Algeria coach Djamel Belmadi is less happy with that situation.“I am not in favour of highlighting individuals over teams,” said the former Manchester City midfielder. “We must put less emphasis on Riyad.”Belmadi was much happier when recalling a winning start for his team with Baghdad Bounedjah and Mahrez scoring in a routine 2-0 victory over Kenya.“Collecting maximum points from our first match meant a lot because Algeria have a history of poor starts at the Cup of Nations.”Mane returns after a suspension ruled him out of the 2-0 win over Tanzania and coach Aliou Cisse says he is happy, particularly with the half-volley goal of 20-year-old Krepin Diatta.Kenya v TanzaniaHarambee Stars players line up before their Africa Cup of Nations match against Algeria in Cairo on June 23, 2019. PHOTO/CAFTanzanian lawmakers who travelled to Egypt for the Senegal match returned home unhappy with the diet and allowances of the national squad coached by former Nigeria star Emmanuel Amunike.“It is important for our footballers to have enough food to face a team like Senegal,” said parliament speaker Job Ndugai.“Taifa Stars, the national team, is the government team. The government has to invest money in the national team,” added Juma Nkamia from the ruling party.Opposition member Pascal Haonga said: “Paying a derisory per diem is partly responsible for the loss. According to our information, they each receive $100 (88 euros) instead of 300.”Amunike had a different take on the defeat: “We lacked the experience and quality of Senegal, made a lot of mistakes and were naive.”Burundi v MadagascarNigeria’s Samuel Chukwueze is challenged by Burundi midfielder Gael BigirimanaThis battle of countries making their first appearance at the Cup of Nations has huge significance for both the Burundian Swallows and the Malagasy Barea (prized cattle).Ordinarily, it would be a dead-rubber given that Nigeria and Guinea are expected to occupy the top two positions in Group B and secure automatic qualification for the round of 16.But with four of the six third-place teams in Egypt also advancing after the tournament was expanded from 16 teams to 24, Burundi and Madagascar have it all to play for.Burundi were a well-organised outfit when losing 1-0 to a late Odion Ighalo goal for three-time champions Nigeria in Mediterranean city Alexandria.Madagascar impressed going forward but were often suspect at the back when exceeding expectations by drawing 2-2 with Guinea, who lacked star Naby Keita for most of the match.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Riyad Mahrez celebrates scoringCAIRO, Egypt, Jun 26 – Riyad Mahrez and Sadio Mane resume an English Premier League rivalry Thursday on a different stage when Algeria and Senegal clash at the Africa Cup of Nations in Egypt.Algerian winger Mahrez was part of the Manchester City team that pipped Senegalese forward Mane and his Liverpool team-mates in a thrilling title race last season.
Updated: 15.40pmSchools all across Donegal were brimming with emotion this Tuesday morning as the Leaving Certificate results were released.It’s a momentous day for the 2,179 students and adult learners who are finding out how they did in their end of year exams. The opening of those iconic brown envelopes is a moment that stands out in many students’ educational journeys.Here are some of the celebrations around the county:Coláiste AilighColáiste Ailigh Letterkenny student Aisling Ní Fhearáin was congratulated by her Principal, Micheál Ó Giobúin on attaining 625 points in her Leaving certificate. Aisling intends to study Economics and Finance in UCD.This year’s class attained the best set of results since the school was established in 2000 with over 34% of the students receiving 500 points or more. The Príomhoide, Micheál Ó Giobúin congratulated all the students on their results and acknowledged the support they received from their teachers and parents. Micheál Ó Giobúin congratulating Aisling Ní Fhearáin on her Leaving Cert results with her proud parents Dara and Anthony and her brother Donal.Scoil Mhuire BuncranaNorthwest Newspix was at Scoil Mhuire Buncrana this morning to capture the excitement with students and their principal Ms Rosaleen Grant.Ciara Kelly, Ariana Sweeney and Ciara McLaughlin were all delighted with their results!Ciara Kelly, Ariana Sweeney and Ciara McLaughlin celebrate their Leaving Cert results with Scoil Mhuire Principal Rosaleen Grant. (North West Newspix)Ciara Kelly, Ciara McLaughlin and Ariana Sweeney celebrate their Leaving Cert results at Scoil Mhuire, Buncrana (North West Newspix)Crana College, BuncranaThere was great excitement, lots of nervous energy and tears of joy and relief this morning at Crana College.Principal Kevin Cooley said: “I am extremely pleased and proud of the achievements of this year’s Leaving Certificate students, not to mention the hard work of their teachers, and the support of their parents.“There are many excellent performances among our high achievers, several students have scored 500 points or more with Stephen Timlin achieving 601 points. I am equally proud of students who stuck with it and worked hard in a subject that they found difficult and succeeded, with the support of their teachers, in passing that subject. These are wonderful achievements and I congratulate everyone involved. Mr Cooley added: “The most important thing for students today is to remain calm, not to panic or feel depressed or to compare results unfavourably with others. It is very important to remain optimistic over the coming weeks as offers for Third Level are processed and places become available. I am confident that there will be options for everyone so long as they are persistent, patient and flexible. The CAO will publish their first round offers on Thursday 15th August at 2pm and guidance will be available in Crana College on Friday morning.“For now, it is important that students enjoy the moment, celebrate their success wisely and safely and look forward to the next stage of their career.”Leaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Crana CollegeDeele College, RaphoePrincipal Joe Boyle, Deputy Principal Danny McFadden and staff threw a morning results party for students collecting their results at Deele College. Student and parents were invited to enjoy tea and cake as they added up their achievements.Leaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeLeaving Cert Results Day 2019 at Deele CollegeMulroy College, MilfordThe students and staff of Mulroy College in Milford welcomed a special guest today as Minister of Education and Skills Joe Mc Hugh TD called in to join their results celebrations. Mulroy College was a hive of excitement this morning with students achieving great success in both the Leaving Certificate Programme and the Leaving Certificate Applied Programme.There were tears of joy and a real atmosphere of excitement and success with everyone.Minister Joe McHugh with Principal Fiona Temple celebrating Leaving Cert Results day with students at Mulroy CollegeLeaving Cert Results day at Mulroy CollegeMinister Joe McHugh with Principal Fiona Temple celebrating Leaving Cert Results day with students at Mulroy CollegeMinister Mc Hugh spoke with students, parents and staff, congratulating them on their achievements and hearing from them exactly what it was like to go through the process of the Leaving Certificate.Principal Ms Temple added: “It has been another very successful year for our students, they have achieved great results and will continue on their road in education. Many will join LYIT and enter into the various courses and great opportunities there, some will travel further but all will find a place and a pathway to lead them onto their next stage in life.“We as a school are very proud of them and I as Principal am very proud of the staff that have lead them on this journey.“We wish them all well and would also like to thank Minister Mc Hugh for taking time out of his very busy schedule to be with us here today.”See all the photos from the memorable morning at Mulroy College here: Loreto Community School, MilfordIt was a happy morning as the Leaving Cert class of 2019 were treated to some cake and sweets as they received their results. The staff team were on hand to support and celebrate with the students.Results Day in Loreto Community SchoolResults Day in Loreto Community SchoolResults Day in Loreto Community SchoolResults Day in Loreto Community SchoolResults Day in Loreto Community SchoolResults Day in Loreto Community SchoolLoreto Community SchoolLoreto Community School, MilfordLoreto Community SchoolDo you have photos from your school’s Leaving Cert results morning? Send them in to [email protected] for our Picture Special.Jumping for joy! Leaving Cert results day around Donegal – Picture Special was last modified: August 15th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Leaving Certificatepicture specialResultsScoil Mhuire Buncrana
As you can see, there are a ton of options for working with rolling titles and credits in Premiere Pro. Experiment and have fun with it! Use a transition – perhaps the default Cross Dissolve – at the start and the end of your title. This will fade it in and fade it out for that professional look you’re after. When your titles come to an end, Premiere Pro will want to start from the beginning of your whole timeline which is a bit of a pain. So, trim your work area bar to just the length of your titles plus a little of the previous clip. This will allow you to see the transition for clip to title without having to go back to the start of the timeline. Rolling titles are a must for any professional film production. There are a few things that you need to know in Adobe Premiere Pro to make the process of creating rolling titles an easier one.Titles can be created in a number of ways in Adobe Premiere Pro.You could, for example, use the keyboard shortcut: CONTROL + T (PC) or COMMAND + T (Mac). You could click the ‘new items’ button at the bottom of the project panel or access the title tool through the menu bar – File > New > Title.*These options are great for a static title, but what about a rolling one? From the menu bar choose Title > New Title > Default Roll.The advantage of doing it this way is that it will create a new title with the right options in place for setting up the roll.*Note: if you want to convert a static title into a rolling one click the Roll/Crawl option box……and select the ‘Roll’ option in the dialogue box that appears:Don’t worry about the other options just yet, we’ll come to them later.Creating a Text Area in PremiereNext, we need to create a text area. Rather than just selecting the text tool and starting to type – which will create ‘point text’ (text that continues off the screen and will not wrap around) – you need to create ‘area text‘ and this can be done in one of two ways.First, you could select the Area Type Tool……and then drag out an area from the top left of the inner box (called the title safe area) to the bottom right of the same inner box. Simply click inside this area to add text.Another option is to drag the Standard Text Tool inside the box in the same way:Then, when you have finished the text cursor should be flashing. If it isn’t, just click in the new area you have created with the standard ‘T’ text tool and you are ready to start creating your titles.Font, size, etc are all up to you, but for this example I used a very large font and started to type out some names until they went off screen.Once text has gone off screen you get the little ‘+’ sign, which is simply telling you that there is more text than shown. S o, how do you show that text to create the rolling title?Rolling Titles in PremiereFirst, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THE TEXT TOOL SELECTED!I have seen people really struggle to create a rolling title in the past because they have the wrong tool selected when they do this next step. It is very important that you have the text tool selected or else you will not be able to create a rolling title.Secondly, hold the Control Key (on PC) or Command Key (on Mac), and drag the handle at the middle of the bottom of the screen until you can see the next text (as shown below)…HandlesAbove I have shown the handles that will appear all around the screen when you hit the CTL/CMD key. To create the rolling title choose the middle bottom ‘handle’.Drag ArrowWhen you hover over that handle you will get this up/down arrow. Click and hold your mouse button and drag down until you see all the text you have created so far. When you let go you will see something like the following.After Dragging the HandleNow it moves into a process of repeating the same thing over and over. Type the next names in until they go off screen and then hold the CTL/CMD key and drag down and let go when you can see all the text.Lastly, when you’ve got all your list of credits into the title, hit return a few time then CTL/CMD drag down to a point where the names are off the top of the screen and you can type something like:Copyright 2012All rights reservedNote, if you want the © symbol on a PC the shortcut is Alt + 0169 on the main keyboard. For a MAC the shortcut is Alt + G.OK, now you’ve set up the title, use that scroll bar on the right-hand side to preview how your title will look. If something looks wrong, change it! If a name is still on screen at the top when you get to the end of the scroll – add in another line. If the copyright notice is too low, CTL/CMD + drag down just enough to get it in the right place – but be careful not to drag too much!Roll/Crawl Options in PremiereWhen you are happy with the way it scrolls, you are ready to move to the next stage – those roll/crawl options I previously mentioned.Roll/Crawl Options… and let’s have a look at each of these options in detail.PrerollHow long after the title appears do you want the title to wait before it starts rolling up the screen?For me, I usually choose the ‘Start Off Screen’ option and have the title background appear first and then have the text start to roll up from below the bottom.However, if you want the text to start on the screen and then start to roll up choose a Preroll amount IN FRAMES – not seconds! So, if you are working with NTSC (US and Japan) that would be 30 frames per second. For PAL (UK, Europe and much of the rest of the world) that would be 25 frames per second. Thus, if you wanted the text to stay put for 2 seconds before it started to roll you would type 60 (NTSC) or 50 (PAL) into the Preroll box.Ease-InHow slowly do you want to text to start moving?For example, if you have 0 in this box the text will start to move at once with no ‘easing’ which can look very amateur!What you want (if you start with the text on the screen) is the text to smoothly start to scroll up the screen starting very slowly and getting faster. So, if you wanted it to accelerate over say 1 second you would type 30 (NTSC) or 25 (PAL) in the Ease-In box.End Off Screen means that the text will simply continue up off the screen without stopping at any point.However, for me, I like the copyright notice and any logo that I may have added to stop at the end of the roll and wait for a while before the title ends. To do this, we need to use both the Ease-Out and the Postroll functions.Ease-OutOver what time would you like your title to slow down to a complete stop?I usually choose 2 seconds for this which would mean adding 60 (NTSC) or 50 (PAL) into this box.PostrollHow long do you want this title to stay still for at the end of your title roll?If you have an important notice or a copyright notice or a logo at the end you probably want to have it stay on screen for at least 3 seconds if not more. So in the Postroll box I would type 90 (NTSC) or 75 (PAL).So, a typical set up for the title starting off the bottom of the screen, then scrolling up and slowing down to a stop and waiting on screen for 3 seconds would look like this:Once you’ve made your choices, click OK and then shut down the title creation window. The new rolling title is now sitting in your project panel waiting to be added to your timeline like any other asset.Rolling Title SpeedNow, the speed of your title – how fast it actually scrolls up the screen – is completely in your hands. You can trim the title in the normal way by adjusting the clip length.Trimming the TitleHowever, you must bear something in mind…You have already specified that the title needs 5 seconds to slow down and stop on screen because we chose 2 seconds for ease-out and 3 seconds for postroll.This means that if the title is only 5 seconds long on your timeline that all the names will go through so fast you won’t even notice them before the titles slow down and stop! So, trim the length of your title out to the point whereby the names scroll up at the speed you want them to scroll up. You may need 20 – 50 seconds for even a small number of names – so try it out. Trim and have a look to make sure it’s what you want.Lastly, a couple of quick tips for rolling titles in Premiere Pro:
Here are some tips and best practices for shooting smooth, professional-looking rack focus shots on your next film or video project.Image by guruXOX.If you had to explain one element of your profession to those who don’t know much about your work, focus might be the best example of an area of expertise lost on the non-film or -video professional. Focus doesn’t get a lot of attention in our everyday lives, but in film, video, and photography, it’s absolutely crucial.For filmmakers and video professionals, using focus in your compositions — specifically when you change focus in your shots — is a very powerful way to capture an audience and advance your narrative. The “rack-focus” is a technique that involves shifting the focus from one subject or piece of information to another. Let’s look at some examples — and some of the best practices for mastering this technique.Set Your Points and PracticeImage by 2p2play.Before diving all hair-trigger into shooting your rack focuses, it’s helpful to know (and set) the focus points you’ll be racking between. This is part of setting your composition. Once you have a shot you like, make sure both your focus points are, in fact, achievable. You can use your focus zoom previews to be absolutely sure. Once your points are set, try a few practice rack focuses before rolling.Utilize Foreground, Middleground, BackgroundImage by guruXOX.When looking for interesting rack focus compositions, one of the key principles is using the planes of foreground, middleground, and background. (Here’s a great article on mastering the concept.) A fun goal for setting your rack focus is to find a creative way to pass through all three planes, starting in the foreground and moving your focus across the middle and settling on a subject in the background (or vice versa). Try out several different shots on your own.Mix Up the SpeedsImage by Kristina Kokhanova.When doing a rack focus, you have complete control over the speed and pace of your focus shift. Whether you have your fingers on your lens’s focus ring or are using some sort of pulling device, any kinetic technique will give you 100% control of how fast or slow your focus racks. When you have your shot composed and your points set, try to mix up the speeds for different effects. A fast rack focus can cause excitement and action, while a slow one can often build suspense and intrigue.Add MovementImage by KAMONRAT.Another element to consider when doing a rack focus is movement. This can mean either your subject’s movement in a static composition (where you can employ follow-focus techniques by racking as a subject moves toward or away from the camera) or adding physical movement to the camera itself. Combining camera movements — like simple pans or tilts, or smooth dolly or slider moves — along with a rack focus yields a complex and cinematic shot.Use Focus RingsImage by yvonnestewarthenderson.As I mentioned above, another trick to help your rack focus technique is to use add-on equipment like manual focus rings for more defined control, or even off-camera controls for precise focus pulling and adjustments. On more major productions, it’s common practice for a focus puller to work in tandem with the camera operator off of a monitor with digital focus control at their fingertips. You can also use some inexpensive focus rings attached to your DSLR or mirrorless camera with your build-out for more stability and control. Here are some good focus pulling options and resources to consider.Quick Tip: Focus PullingThe Best Follow Focus Options for Under $200NAB 2018: SmallHD Unveils 5 New Focus Monitors Consider Going Out of FocusImage by guruXOX.One add-on technique that I’d recommend is trying out an out-of-focus shot at either the beginning or the end of your rack focus. I’ve found it works best when working with a static, stationary shot; complete your rack focus move, then continue to slide your focus as far out-of-focus as possible. From there, in post, you can reverse it for what will be a out-of-focus shot coming tightly into focus, before completing a complex rack to another point.Auto-Focus TechnologyImage by MidoSemsem.Also, depending on your camera, you may have some digital auto-focus technology at your fingertips. Some cameras may even let you simply tap on your LCD screen to set your automatic focus point. You can also drag and move your focus, or set your camera to follow a face or another object. Here’s a more in-depth article about using the AF technology in the Canon 5D Mark IV.If you’re looking for more filmmaking tips and tricks, check out some of these articles.Get Sharper Footage with These 7 Focus TricksFix Out-of-Focus Footage With This Simple TipWhat Are Focus Charts and Why Do You Need One?Production Tip: 5 Simple Ways to Fix Out-of-Focus Footage3 Hacks for Shooting Without a Focus Puller
Contact: Garry Shepard, SQBD Touch AssociationPhone: (07) 5535 5777Email: [email protected]: http://www.sqbdtouch.com
Earlier this week, five-star outside linebacker recruit Lyndell Wilson, who 247 Sports has ranked as the top player in the state of Alabama, announced his top seven teams on Twitter. USC was among the programs, and it looks like the Trojans are trying to take full advantage.Saturday, Lyndell tweeted out a photo of a dozen business cards he claims he was given by USC. The cards read that Wilson is the President and CEO of his own company, Lyndell Mack Wilson Inc. It’s a recruiting tactic we haven’t yet seen before.Wilson deleted the tweet shortly after posting it. We’re not sure if that means it’s potentially some sort of NCAA violation, or if he just didn’t want his address circulating the Internet. Ironically, under NCAA rules, Wilson can’t start a company and profit off of his likeness until he leaves school. Still, this is pretty cool.