Five schools in Donegal are to benefit from a €7 million fund targeting energy use reduction by 33%, test retrofit solutions and improve efficiency.The schools have been selected for energy efficiency works under a Government-funded retrofit pilot programme for summer 2019.The newly-expanded programme focuses on projects to reduce energy consumption, test retrofit solutions, build capacity and test delivery and procurement models. It is jointly funded with a €7 million budget from the Department of Education and Skills and Department of Communication, Climate Action and Environment.A total of 17 schools nationwide have been selected for the latest round of works.The following schools in Donegal have been selected for the 2019 pilot and present a variety of challenges, including building age, archetype and retrofit requirements.· Pobalscoil Ghaoth Dobhair, Doire Beaga (Derrybeg), Donegal · Gaelscoil Adhamhnain, Letterkenny, Donegal· Loreto Secondary School, Letterkenny, Donegal· Scoil Mhuire, Buncrana, Donegal· St Oran’s NS, Buncrana, DonegalNow in its third year, the aim of the pilot is to create a scalable model for energy efficiency retrofitting of schools. This is taking place in advance of the major programme of retrofits scheduled to commence in 2022, as outlined in Project Ireland 2040. Subject to resources, it is intended to expand the intake of schools in the pilot programme in the lead up to 2022. Minister for Education and Skills Joe McHugh T.D. said: “This exciting collaboration sets an example by creating a better environment to learn and work for pupils, staff and teachers. The money saved by ‘greening’ will support schools to concentrate resources on doing what they do best – teach.“It is important that we have a good variety of school buildings across the country, and a number of them in Donegal, to demonstrate to as many communities as possible in both rural and urban areas, how changes can be made to respond to climate change.“This pilot programme will demonstrate the most environmentally-friendly, high-performance and cost-effective solutions to turn older school buildings into top-rated energy-efficient buildings. It’s good for schools and good for the environment.”Minister for Communication, Climate Action and Environment Richard Bruton T.D. said: “If we are to take the lead on climate change, the public service must set the example. Schools are at the centre of our communities. By taking on best practice energy efficiency measures, the participating schools will demonstrate the benefits – both financially and the improvements to overall comfort levels, that these upgrades bring about.” CEO of Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland, Jim Gannon said: “SEAI supports schools with energy efficiency through student workshops and resources (50,000+ students per annum), energy management (700+ schools to date), and allows them to report energy data through our monitoring and reporting system (2,279 schools in 2018). Since 2017, this pilot programme is providing a pathway towards a retrofit solution for all schools in Ireland, helping us deliver on national targets.”For the 2019 pilot, 17 schools have been selected in five geographical clusters, covering all four provinces and including a mix of urban and rural areas. Each school was assessed comprehensively to ensure that the measures were suitable for that school and would deliver value to both the school and the pilot.Now in its third year, the pilot programme involved 10 schools being retrofitted in 2017 and a further six schools in 2018.Design teams have been appointed to each cluster, with medium to deep energy efficiency works to be delivered in summer 2019. The upgrades target a 33% energy efficiency improvement and involve upgrades to doors and windows, insulation, lighting and heating upgrades as well as renewable technologies.Five Donegal schools to benefit from €7M Energy Efficiency Programme was last modified: April 1st, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalEnergyFundschools
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is an icon of evolution. Since the 1930s these poor little bugs have been mutated endlessly and watched for signs of Darwinian change. So far, though, only useless mutants, unable to survive in the wild, have been produced. Recently, scientists seem more enamored with their design. Two recent articles had nothing to say about evolution but a lot to say about the amazing ways they are put together. They are so well put together, in fact, that they put humans to shame in some ways – not only because they can fly and we can’t.Fly eye: Did you know fruit flies have better color perception than we do? Science Daily said that scientists studying phototaxis (attraction to light) in Drosophila found their 8 photoreceptors produce different responses in behavior. One of the study authors pointed out, “This simple insect can achieve sophisticated color discrimination and detect a broader spectrum of colors than we can, especially in the UV.”Fly fountain of youth: Science Daily reported on work to study how fruit flies overcome aging. Scientists at UC San Diego identified a protein named Sestrin that “serves as a natural inhibitor of aging and age-related pathologies in fruit flies.” The structure and biochemical function of this protein is “conserved” (i.e., unevolved) between fruit flies and humans – meaning that we may owe the ability to live longer, healthier lives some day to research on these tiny insects. Experiments that reduced Sestrin in the flies produced stress and deformities. “These pathologies are amazingly similar to the major disorders of overweight, heart failure and muscle loss that accompany aging in humans.” The pathologies appear to arise by disrupting an important “quality control” mechanism called autophagy, the article explained. The team is trying to find out if “proper Sestrin expression will provide the explanation to some of the currently unexplainable degenerative diseases associated with old age.” One researcher hoped for good fruit from these experiments: “Maybe one day we will be able to use Sestrin analogs to prevent much of the tissue failure associated with aging, as well as treat a number of degenerative diseases, whose incidence goes up with old age, including sarcopenia and Alzheimer’s disease.”Fly time: Oregon State is studying the fruit fly biological clock, reported Science Daily, in hopes of helping humans find the “key to better health and a longer life.” A properly-functioning biological clock is important in preventing damage from oxidative stress. The article noted that the genes for the fruit fly clock are essentially the same as in humans, having been “conserved [unevolved] through many millions of years of evolution.” Obviously some other things have not been so conserved. Most of us don’t resemble them much.Fly power: Bodybuilders, be humble before the fruit fly: on your scale, they could bench press triple your personal best – for more reps, too. PhysOrg noted that the muscles in these tiny insects are among the strongest in the animal kingdom (ounce for ounce, that is). Frank Schnorrer of the Max Planck Institute said of their flight muscles, “They are able to produce 100 watt per kilogram muscle mass and that over a long period of time. Bodybuilders and Tour de France riders can only dream about such a performance. They steadily manage about 30 watt per kilogram muscle mass.” About 2000 genes in the fruit fly genome of 12,000 genes are involved in the production of these flight muscles. Schnorrer remarked, “It is fascinating how the genetic programme of an organism is able to produce such different cell types out of identical precursor cells.” Live Science posted a video last month showing how the fruit fly’s supercharged muscles ramp up during flight.Humans share some of the same genes with fruit flies. That’s leading to some other scientific design-based scientific research: using Drosophila as a model organism to understand the structure and function of genes for muscles, so as to produce cures for disabilities like muscular dystrophy. “In the future, insight into such connections may help to detect and treat muscle diseases individually,” Schnorrer said, without a word about Darwin.When you approach a scientific problem with design in mind, you have different goals and methods than a Darwinian does. You attack the problem assuming there is a good design that needs to be understood. Then, you have a goal of improving human life by applying what is understood to real problems we face. One of the most amazing stories we ever reported on this subject was by Michael Dickinson of Caltech back on 12/08/2003. We urge you to revisit that entry now to be convinced once for all that design-based science is vastly superior to zapping creatures in the vain hope of finding something to offer Charlie. Thinking about all that power and design in a tiny little fly is enough to turn a child into an enthusiastic scientist – the kind that would sign a growing list.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
When science became a profession instead of an avocation, there were some unintended consequences. Scientists began to lose touch with the public. When a scientist goes to work doing science for a living, he or she sometimes takes public support for granted, thinking the work is justified for its own sake. Recent articles, however, warn scientists and scientific institutions to re-think their presumed authority. They need to start acting more accountable to the public who expects a return on investment. Part of the need for scientists to re-evaluate their status comes from mistakes and surprises. Society looks to scientists to understand the world, but often, they are caught off guard or backtracking on previously well-established theories. In today’s news, for instance, the BBC said that astronomers are “mystified” by high-energy gamma rays seen coming from the Crab Nebula. Space.com says this burst “defies explanation.” Many of the findings from the Cassini Mission to Saturn, like the Enceladus geysers and the lack of an ethane ocean on Titan, contradicted predictions and still have no explanation. PhysOrg reported that the discovery of hot Jupiters (gas giants orbiting near other stars) orbiting backwards “so obviously violates our most basic picture of planet and star formation.” Another embarrassment comes when the public comes to believe, or scientists admit, that their projects were not worth doing in the first place. For instance, the political push for biofuels is well known, but PhysOrg reported on a study that shows that conventional fossil fuels are sometimes greener than biofuels, when their entire carbon footprint is measured. Remember the promises of artificial intelligence (AI)? PhysOrg reminded readers that back in the 1950s and 60s, “hopes were high that tools emerging from the new science of computation would soon unravel the mysteries of human thought.” Since then, AI research has had to dramatically reduce its aspirations; “As the computational complexity of even the most common human cognitive tasks became clear, however, researchers trimmed their sails,” the article admitted, quoting one researcher who couldn’t imagine building a robot able to reach into its pocket for its keys. Embryonic stem cell research has yet to produce one actual treatment despite soaring promises, and the Human Genome Project, while generating a great deal of knowledge, similarly failed to simplify our understanding of human diseases. Last week, Science News reported that “Evolutionary literary criticism” (see 01/27/2006) has flopped, remaining unpopular in the university. To be sure, any investigation of the unknown is going to have problems and setbacks. But when the public pays for it, or when parents pay big bucks to have their children sit under science professors, they have reason to expect some return on investment. This was emphasized in a Nature editorial this week,1 “Value judgements.” Members of the public are stake-holders in science, the editors admitted; their values cannot be ignored. Scientists cannot just assume that the old canard of “knowledge for its own sake” will sell. A recent symposium published by the journal Minerva raised awareness of this:Policy-makers, funders and scientists should take note. For example, a paper by Ryan Meyer, also a policy scientist at Arizona State University, focuses on the failure of the US government’s Global Change Research Program to deliver broad public value (Minerva 49, 47�70; 2011). Basing his studies on public statements and private interviews with researchers and political decision-makers, Meyer says that US climate programmes have in the past two decades benefited from public investment of more than US$30 billion, but have largely failed to produce information and participation in the forms that policy-makers and the public wanted. The notion that society considers any advance in knowledge to be inherently good – even if the science fails to meet the objectives and priorities it was meant to address – cannot be sustained, says Meyer.The editorial reflected on post-normal science: “Science becomes ‘post-normal’ when facts are uncertain, stakes high, values in dispute and decisions urgent; in such cases, societal needs must be taken into account to avoid costly mistakes.” The controversies about climate science come to mind. The editors pointed to climate science as an example; “But, according to the workshop participants, most climate researchers continue to act as if purely scientific values are, and will always be, adequate to set the agenda.” The editors of Nature agree with the scientific consensus on climate science, but realize that scientists have lost the public trust on the matter. This pointed up another unintended consequence of the professionalism of science: scientists became a special-interest group, seeking their own priorities instead of those of society:More importantly, these studies highlight a significant deficit in current typical appraisals of science and technology outcomes. They should serve as cautionary tales about the danger of scientists’ interests, deliberately or otherwise, becoming too dominant in determining outcomes. And they introduce ways to assess failures in social returns on investment that, one can only hope, will help to improve science’s public value.How did science become professionalized in the first place? The Scientist presented an essay by historian of science by Laura J. Snyder. “In the 19th century, four friends changed the way scientists viewed themselves,” the subtitle of her essay begins. She believes, “It’s time for another shake-up.” Those four friends, featured in her new book The Philosophical Breakfast Club (Broadway Books, 2011), were William Whewell (who coined the term scientist), Charles Babbage, John Herschel, and Richard Jones. “Each of the four men was brilliant, self-assured, and possessed of the optimism of the age,” Snyder said. It was these four, who met for “Philosophical Breakfasts” to discuss the status of science, who were most influential in transforming science “from the province of the amateur—the clergyman collecting fossils or beetles in his spare hours, or the wealthy gentleman conducting electrical experiments at his country estate—to the career of the professional: trained at the university, published in specialized journals, and admitted to associations open only to fellow professionals.” Darwin, for instance, rode the wave that elevated the scientist to the revered professional. But then Snyder pointed out that the achievement of these four philosophers led to a serious problem plaguing science in our day:One of the unintended consequences of the revolution wrought by the Philosophical Breakfast Club has been that the professional scientist is now less interested in, and perhaps less capable of, connecting with the broader public, sharing the new discoveries and theories that most excite the scientific community. Although there are some notable exceptions, today’s researcher has been less adept than the Victorian-era natural philosopher at engaging the public—and this estranged the general public from science. In part this is because the scientific establishment discourages its members from writing popular books and articles, considering these projects unserious, even frivolous, diversions from the real work of research. But this attitude has to change in order to mend the ever-deepening rift between science and the rest of modern culture. Today’s scientist should strive to be more like the 19th-century natural philosopher—ironically, more like those very men who created the modern scientist.1. Editorial, “Value judgements,” Nature 473 (12 May 2011), pp. 123�124, doi:10.1038/473123b.The points are well taken, but Snyder and the editors of Nature ignore a couple of realities: one, that many members of the public are just as informed, intelligent, and worthy of being heard as professional scientists, and two, that not all sciences are epistemically equal. Much in biochemistry is testable and repeatable, for instance, but theories of the origin of the universe or the evolution of life are not. A third oversight is that information flows one way: from scientist to public. There needs to be a two-way dialogue. The label scientist is an honored badge that attracts many who do not deserve to wear it. We would include evolutionists as among the worst who take on the label but provide no return on investment to society – in fact, who do much to misuse and harm society while bragging about their status as scientists. A PhD confers no more authority on a scientist than a real estate license does on a realtor; it depends on what the indivdiual person does with the skills and learning they acquired. The legacy of the Philosophical Breakfast Club is interesting history; clearly, however, much has happened since then. It would be unrealistic, if not ridiculous, to expect science today to go back to being a part-time hobby of clergymen and wealthy gentlemen, not just because many scientists these days are female. The complexity of science has grown enormously since the days of Babbage, Herschel and Whewell (Scientist of the Month for Nov 2010). It takes money and large teams to do spacecraft, giant telescopes and genomics. We’re stuck with big science and professionalism. There’s something to be said though, for more private involvement in science. Consider the benefactor-funded origin of the Palomar Observatory, and today’s private-enterprise space projects. Look, too, at the good work being done by citizen scientists (PhysOrg). If the root meaning of science is knowledge, any human has the freedom and obligation to increase it. Better a field amateur with years of observations than an armchair professor pontificating from his PhD microphone. Even if the professionalization of science has had unintended consequences, those consequences are not insurmountable. Increased scrutiny, accountability, and humility by scientists are worthy steps. We mean no insult to the many honorable scientists using their position for good, doing honest work each day, and providing society with a good return on investment. Professional scientists need to realize, though, they they must earn their wings each day. Not everything they do is scientific, and not everything a non-scientist does is unscientific. A scientist speaking outside his or her area of knowledge can have opinions no better than those of anyone else. One of the best correctives would be to have the media get out of the lap of scientific institutions and turn their critical-thinking scopes on science with the aid of philosophers, ethicists and taxpayer-watchdog groups. It’s time to doubt the presumptive authority of science and call scientists to reveal their assumptions, justify their methods, face their critics honestly, and serve society rather than preach to it.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The South American harvest is expected to be a record with few shipping problems.Expect the market to be range-bound until March 31, when U.S. planted acre estimates are published. Market actionWith few South American harvest concerns, I moved some of my bean hedges, which were originally placed anticipating a South American production issue similar to last year. On Oct. 5, 2016 I moved my beans hedge position:70% moved to Aug 2017 futures — 22-cent premium30% moved to Nov 2017 futures — 5-cent premium.My rationale at the time for using Nov 2017 futures was that last October I thought we would likely have a South or North American weather scare at some point before next August. Therefore, I thought the only downside risk to the Nov/Aug spread position meant I could miss out on 25 cents of market carry. Plus, the July/Nov spread would likely go from a 20-cent inverse to a 12-cent carry — meaning another 32-cent loss. That is quite a bit of risk, so I only exposed 30% of my production.If there was a weather scare, the upside potential of this trade was as much as $2 per bushel. Last year the premium on this trade was $1.80, and the last couple of years premiums ranged $2 to $3. I didn’t necessarily expect profits that high this year, but the potential outweighed the added risk for me.The spread between Aug and Nov 2017 widened through mid-Jan to a point I could have received 60-cent premium rolling my Nov futures back. But, I held out for levels similar to the last few years (i.e. $2-3). Then with all the positive South American harvest news through February, the market narrowed.Last week I rolled the 30% from Nov 2017 back to Aug for a 15-cent premium. With this combined with the initial 5-cent premium, I’m only 2 cents behind the 70% placed in August initially. In retrospect I should have made the trade in January, but I didn’t know at the time this would be the high through mid-March. Now, I don’t want to lose any more opportunity waiting, hoping for a problem in South America, which is looking less and less likely. 2017 bean spread tradeSeeing Aug futures trading at a 15-cent premium over Nov, I also moved 25% of my 2017 crop hedged in Nov 2017 back to Aug. Note, this trade adds some risk. If the South American harvest does encounter unexpected problems like last year, I could lose money. For instance, I would have lost 22 cents on this trade last year. Why make it then?The world bean supply is very high. Add the record 2016 U.S. crop and the probable record Brazil and good Argentina harvest, the market will likely have to pay someone to store beans. This trade basically allows me to use my fields as an “artificial bin” until harvest. I’m looking to add another 15 cents to this trade in later months, which would potentially mean a total of another 30 cents on 25% of 2017 production. Are you a speculator or a farmer?Many advisors shy away from this trade because of the potential risks. I’ll admit that the above trade leans speculative, but I clearly understand the risks and am willing to accept all potential outcomes. Basically, I’m prepared to take a 25-cent loss for the potential of a 30-cent gain. Also keep in mind, this is on only 25% of my production, so I won’t lose or make a lot of money either way. Essentially my goal is to just make a little extra with the information I have today, because I think odds are in my favor. Also if the market caused me to lose value on this trade there is a very likely chance that future bean prices will be higher and that would be good for me long term. A speculator doesn’t have the additional bushels to fall back on if their trades go bad. A farmer is in a unique situation because of this ability to spread risk between marketing years. The difference between a speculator and a farmerUsually experts offering grain marketing advice in the trades are “speculator-type” traders. In my opinion, this can be a big disservice to farmers, because speculators and farmers think and should trade very differently.Speculators try to predict market direction and optimize buying or selling strategies to be profitable either way. They are not forced to buy or sell at any time.Farmers are less flexible and must sell their grain, ideally at profitable levels. Farmers always have more grain to sell, so buying more corn (buying calls or futures) isn’t necessary, and is usually not profitable for farmers like it is for speculators.Speculators benefit from market movement. They may hope the market goes up, but they have to protect themselves if they are wrong. They don’t have breakeven points to worry about, they just need to make sure they aren’t losing money on all of their trades at the end of the day. Farmers on the other hand always have more grain to sell and they must sell grain at profitable levels after expenses.Be careful when listening to marketing experts in the trade because most of the time their advice is based upon how to be a profitable speculator, not a profitable farmer. There is a big difference.Jon grew up raising corn and soybeans on a farm near Beatrice, NE. Upon graduation from The University of Nebraska in Lincoln, he became a grain merchandiser and has been trading corn, soybeans and other grains for the last 18 years, building relationships with end-users in the process. After successfully marketing his father’s grain and getting his MBA, 10 years ago he started helping farmer clients market their grain based upon his principals of farmer education, reducing risk, understanding storage potential and using basis strategy to maximize individual farm operation profits. A big believer in farmer education of futures trading, Jon writes a weekly commentary to farmers interested in learning more and growing their farm operations.Trading of futures, options, swaps and other derivatives is risky and is not suitable for all persons. All of these investment products are leveraged, and you can lose more than your initial deposit. Each investment product is offered only to and from jurisdictions where solicitation and sale are lawful, and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations in such jurisdiction. The information provided here should not be relied upon as a substitute for independent research before making your investment decisions. Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC is merely providing this information for your general information and the information does not take into account any particular individual’s investment objectives, financial situation, or needs. All investors should obtain advice based on their unique situation before making any investment decision. The contents of this communication and any attachments are for informational purposes only and under no circumstances should they be construed as an offer to buy or sell, or a solicitation to buy or sell any future, option, swap or other derivative. The sources for the information and any opinions in this communication are believed to be reliable, but Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy of such information or opinions. Superior Feed Ingredients, LLC and its principals and employees may take positions different from any positions described in this communication. Past results are not necessarily indicative of future results. He can be contacted at [email protected]
It’s one thing to have resolutions for the new year. I, for example, plan to lose weight, learn Python and design the perfect handbag. But since nothing satisfies like the quick achievement of a short-term goal, here are eight things every good nerd needs to to before the ball drops later this week.These tasks comprise a quick to-do list that will leave you feeling competent and prepared for the decade that approaches. Also, you can play the condescension chip and start chiding friends who haven’t checked off these items yet.1. Edit your privacy settings and friendships.Facebook’s maelstrom-causing privacy changes have given quite a few of us a head-scratching good time trying to figure out just how much of our private lives are to be made public. Before the new year begins, take a look at your settings on sites such as Facebook, Flickr, YouTube, LiveJournal and any other places you might be sharing personal content to make sure what you display is consistent with the public image you want to project. As more recruiters and employers hit the Web in search of info on individuals, it’s becoming ever more important to monitor and control our own identities. If you look back to the origin dates of some of your accounts, you might be surprised at what you thought was appropriate to share online in 2005.Also, while considering what’s private and public, take time to evaluate what a “friend,” “contact” or “follower” means to you and what types of information you share with different groups.2. Change your passwords.Safety first, friends. Social web security threats in 2009 were sweeping and surprised more than a few users with spam DMs, hacked accounts and malware of all kinds. Check out the password management tools recommended by a recently high-profile hacker (scroll to the last few paragraphs); for free or cheap, they’ll help you generate strong, random passwords and manage them from your computer.3. Own your name.I’ve conducted many a web search on many a professional geek this year, and I’ve been disappointed by how few of us have staked a meaningful claim to our online identities. If you haven’t already, buy a URL – preferably one that relates to the name you use professionally – and make friends with Google. If you don’t show up in the first results when you search for your name, get a crash course in SEO and ask friends to link to you. It’s good for your social life and your career if you seize the opportunity to tell the searching world about yourself rather than relegating that responsibility to LinkedIn, Facebook or some weirdo with the same name as you.4. Prune your feeds.When going through your RSS feeds, do you find yourself impatiently scrolling more than you’re intently skimming? Is your list of unread items becoming unmanagable? The end of the year is a perfect time to get rid of the content you’re not reading and group the stuff you are. Take some time this week to organize, delete and add feeds, thereby optimizing your feed-reading experience. Try tools such as NetNewsWire’s “dinosaurs” and “least attention” features that weed out unread or dormant feeds, and consider implementing tools such as Lazyfeed or Guzzle.it that can bring relevant results from fresh sources. And make sure the feeds you own are easy for others to find, too.5. Find a better mobile.If you don’t have a smartphone already, chances are you’ll desperately need one next year. And if you already have one, think long and hard about whether you’re happy with your service, network and interface.While you might not be able to run out and buy your dream device before 2010 rolls around, visit a few retailers, read some reviews and have your eye on a good mobile to purchase next year. Mobile tech keeps on booming, and you’ll want to ensure a frustration-free year as new apps and OSes roll out.6. Update copyright notices on your website.Here’s a simple, obvious and necessary reminder. Does your website currently claim a copyright year of 2007? While it doesn’t put you on the foul side of the law, it does look a bit silly as we head into a new decade. The Next Web has a good bit of dynamic code for site owners.7. Revisit your blog.That poor, neglected old beast might be long overdue for a design facelift, a blogroll refresh or even just a few new posts. While you’re at it, why not set automatic reminders to periodically bug you about posting in the new year? On a more mission-critical note, you’ll also want to make sure you’re using the most updated version of your CMS; not doing so can can lead to problems from broken plugins to getting hacked. And while you’re at it, the year’s end might also be a good time to consider switching up your CMS service altogether.8. Back up your data.Hacks and hardware failures happen. Before 2010, make sure as much of your data as possible is protected. From calendars and contacts to blog posts and work projects, more and more of us are relying on networks of servers and startups to keep us running. So, now might be a good time to download and back up files of LinkedIn contacts and WordPress posts – anything that’s valuable to you and portable. Think of it this way: You – or at least parts of you – live in the Internet. If the Internet caught on fire, what would you grab to carry with you out of the blaze?We hope this list helps you all get a few housekeeping items squared away in time for a great New Year’s Eve filled with peace of mind and a smug sense of superiority over your fellow nerds. If you can think of any must-do year-end tasks, please let us know in the comments! jolie odell Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Digital Lifestyle#web Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
You’ve got a script. You’ve got your footage. Now, using this trick in Media Composer you can get the two to work together, saving you time and sanity during the edit. If you’re working with a ton of footage (especially interviews) it can quickly become overwhelming to keep track of who said what, when and in what take. Often the first step in the post production process is to get your footage transcribed – making it easier to do a ‘paper edit’ before you jump into the process in your video editing app. The following video tutorial by documentary editor Steve Audette does one better..showing you how to digitally connect your transcript to your footage in Avid Media Composer (without the Avid SyncScript option).Steve demonstrates ‘script interpolation‘ – the process of synching up starting and ending points (or words) in your digital transcript to the exact moment they’re said on-camera. Then, Avid does the heavy lifting, filling in the space in between…so you can click on any word in your script and it will jump to the corresponding spot in the video.As he points out, this method isn’t always precise. Avid is approximating the location of the ‘words’ based on the starting and ending points. That said, you can refine it by synching up additional points between the in and out points, making the ‘transcript to video’ sync even more precise.Perhaps better demonstrated than explained…see how simple it is to make use of this feature in this Avid Media Composer script interpolation tutorial:Thanks for sharing, Steve!Need to get your footage transcribed? Check out our previous post on 3 transcription services for video editors.
While using stock sound effects can yield great results and save crucial time, accurately and convincingly depicting the visuals may require foley work.Above image from SoundcrafterAs every professional filmmaker and videographer knows, even the most gorgeous footage and brilliant camera work can lose power when unaccompanied by sound. For maximum emotional impact, foley sound, like ADR, must match the actions in the video that was filmed. Here are some tips and tricks for recording foley and sound effects.Image from Pyramind StudiosSoundstage & AcousticsTo capture a good recording, it is essential that your sound has sonic depth, width, and height. These spatial attributes are the difference between hi-fi and lo-fi recordings.A typical room in an average sized home is going to be acoustically inferior to a larger room designed with acoustics in mind. Creating your own foley soundstage can aid you in squeezing that dimensional sound out of an average to smaller sized room. Additionally, the distortion of the depth, width, and height can be minimized by incorporating sound diffusion and sound absorption to nullify the room boundaries. The goal is to eliminate early reflections while maintaining a three-dimensional balance. That being said, constructing a soundstage is serious business. Let’s get to work!Check out this effective and affordable DIY tutorial for quadratic diffusion from Austin Community College – Music Business, Performance and Technology. Thanks guys!Foley ObjectsFoley artists use many objects to achieve accurate depiction of the visual. Depending on the genre of the film, anything and everything is fair game. Before recording however, the first step entails reviewing the film and compiling a list of sound effects in the order they are seen. Next, the foley artist must determine what objects are appropriate for each specific sound effect. There are a few tried-and-true objects and techniques Hollywood foley artists have used for decades including:Thin sticks and dowel rods produce excellent whooshing SFXOld chairs and stools are perfect for controlled creakingHeavy-duty stapleguns serve for excellent gun noisesRoll up a large phonebook for realistic body punchesTwist and snap sticks of celery for convincing bone breaksCorn starch inside a leather pouch makes the sound of snow crunchingCut a coconut in half and line them with a soft material for a horse walkingBall up and walk over old audio tape for the sound of grass footstepsLocate an old car door or fender to produce metal and car crash soundsFlap a pair of cleaning gloves for the sound of realistic bird wingsHere’s an excellent video featuring Emmy nominated Foley Artist Caoimhe Doyle demonstrating some of these techniques.Microphone Selection & PlacementMicrophone selection is crucial to making foley audio “fit” with audio recorded on location. For interior scenes, a Neumann KM185, Oktava mk-012, Audix SCX1/HC or any hyper-cardiod condenser mic will capture good audio. Sensitive microphones are great at picking up subtle nuances in certain sound effects.When matching foley for an outdoor scene, you may have better luck using a shotgun microphone similar to what is used on location shoots. There may even be some times where a large-diaphram condenser microphone is the way to go. By all means, use your ears to decide!Image from Dare to be DigitalProximity and placement of the microphone in relation to the source of sound greatly affects how the foley is recorded. Close-up shots may require closer microphone placement, or put distance between the mic and sound source if you desire more room sound. Always remember to experiment with different microphone positions and choose the placement and preamp levels that best represent the visual in the film.Recording & ExecutionFoley artists have a very specific job in audio post-production that requires much creativity and improvising. Great detail is given to the breakdown and structure of the action that is being recorded. Check out the following video of foley artist Leslie Bloome to witness some of the ins and outs of the job.Don’t have time to foley? We’ve got a broad selection of SFX at PremiumBeat. Give us a listen.Have any other foley tips and tricks? Make some noise in the comments below.
If you already know everything, you should already be producing the results that you want.You already know what beliefs are necessary to support you, and you profess to hold those beliefs as your own.You already know what actions you need to take. You know what must be done, and you know how to do it. You can have the project and action plans at your fingertips. You know what to do.But knowing isn’t enough to produce results.You can know what beliefs you need to hold to succeed and still not produce the results you want. You can study the people who are already producing results and identify the models. But until you hold those beliefs deep in the very fiber of your being, they aren’t your beliefs. Even an ounce of skepticism will prevent you producing results.You can know what actions to take, and you can know how to take those actions. But knowing what to do and not doing it is the same as not knowing. It isn’t enough to know what to do. You need to couple the beliefs and the knowledge you hold with massive action.No matter how much you know, if you’re not getting the results you want then you don’t hold the beliefs deeply enough to drive you take action. If you aren’t exactly where you want to be, or progressing towards it, you aren’t taking action (or enough action).So what if you don’t what you need to know? What if you don’t have the beliefs that support the drive to produce the results you seek? Who is already producing the results you want and what do they believe? What if you don’t really know what actions you need to take? Who is already producing the results you need and what actions are they taking that produce those results?Right now, what do you need to learn?