A record number of Oxford students were found guilty of ‘academic misconduct’ last year, new data has revealed.There were 57 reported cases in the proctorial year 2017-18, of which 53 were for plagiarism.The figure reflects an increase of 47% from 2016-17.The rise in cases comes despite the University warning students they could face expulsion if caught copying others’ work without acknowledgement.In the senior proctor’s annual oration, the outgoing holder of the role, Dr Edward Bispham, said that there had been steady increase in “reports of plagiarism and collusion, which are concentrated in particular parts of the University.”While Dr Bispham did not elaborate upon that claim, in 2011, the senior proctor said: “The great majority of [plagiarism] cases come from international students at the Saïd Business School.”Details of the four cases of academic misconduct that did not fall under plagiarism were not given.In October, government watchdog, the Quality and Assurance Agency for Higher Education, published a guide for universities outlining how they could fight a rise in “pernicious” cheating, and encouraging the use of increasingly sophisticated technology.Legal expert and the bursar of New College, David Palfreyman, said the majority of cases involved international students taking postgraduate degrees. He told the Daily Mail: “A lot of people on these courses have a lot at stake, and might be tempted to cheat because they are paying the full fees.”In 2009, the senior proctor revealed that one student had plagiarised almost half of their final-year project. “[It] contained some twenty-nine pages out of sixty-five that had been copied verbatim from a previous year’s report,” he said. “Admittedly they had been carefully retyped using a different typeface.”Proctorial years run from 9th week of Hilary Term to 8th week of the following Hilary.
INDIANAPOLIS — As the cost of child care in this country continues to grow, so does the chorus of voices calling on Congress to take action. For many working families, the cost of child care is one of their biggest monthly expenses and legislation to help ease that burden has been introduced in both the U.S. House and Senate.Among those urging passage is Carla Moquin, president of the Parenting in the Workplace Institute.“A lot of parents are in a position where child care is so expensive that it makes it almost impractical for them to even work, especially for minimum-wage, low-income employees,” she said, “And so I think it’s really critical on a societal scale and on an individual family scale to provide more options to these families.”The cost of center-based day care varies widely from state to state, but the U.S. average is now nearly $12,000 per year.The bills working through the committee process include SB 2565, a Senate plan to increase the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, along with HR 5000, a House proposal to put more funding into federal child-care program grants.Moquin said it’s also critical to provide other support, since there’s been a growing number of moms opting out of the workforce in the past decade, citing reasons such as the high cost of day care and limited job opportunities.“We need to look at lots of options to make it workable for families: telecommuting options, on-site child care, making it easier for mothers to breastfeed,” she said. “We need to look at the bigger picture and all of the different components that go into supporting families and making it possible for them to take care of their kids and have an income at the same time.”Having access to stable and high-quality child care also is vital for life-long success for kids, Moquin said, since the vast majority of a child’s brain development happens by age 5.Reps. Cheri Bustos, William Enyart, Bobby Rush and Janice Schakowsky, all D-Ill., are co-sponsors of the House bill.The texts of SB 2565 and HR 5000 are online. A Pew Research study on working moms is at pewsocialtrends.org.